1.5. Poddomkrachivaniye and towage


The jack which is included in a basic equipment of the car is intended only for performing procedures of change of wheels! When carrying out any other repair or scheduled maintenance the car should be lifted by means of hydraulic (or cart) a jack and it is obligatory to establish on the special props got under the bearing bottom points. If need for removal of wheels is absent, the car can be tired out on a viewing hole or a platform.

Do not start the engine of the lifted car - it is dangerous!

In order to avoid serious damages of units do not get a jack under a case, the transmission or a back axis!

For a poddomkrachivaniye of the car it is necessary to cock the parking brake and, for safety, to enclose under diagonalno the back wheel located to a poddomkrachivayemy corner an antiretractable boot.

At a poddomkrachivaniye of a back corner of the car instead of the parking brake it is necessary to establish transmission on transfer.

If work is performed on a slope, establish an emphasis from that party of a wheel which is below.

Before poddomkrachivat the car, take off a decorative cap and a balloon key weaken bolts of fastening of the wheel which is subject to replacement. Prepare the spare wheel.

Try to establish a jack on a hard coating, in case of need try to get some firm laying with rather developed surface (for example, a piece of a board).

The jack should be brought to the strengthened points which are specially intended for this purpose in a forward or back part of thresholds.

Points of installation of a jack

On models with side elements of finishing of thresholds before installation of a jack under the bottom of the car it is necessary to remove a finishing element, - pull for its lower edge, develop up and remove.

Take care of reliability of input of a head of a jack in gearing with a threshold stiffening rib ledge.

Special groove on a jack head

Rotating the jack handle, lift the car so that the wheel which is subject to replacement came off the earth, - you watch that the jack thrust bearing constantly leaned on the earth all the surface and settled down strictly under a head. Having thrown off fixing bolts, remove a wheel and establish on its place spare. Screw wheel bolts, then lower the car on the earth, remove a jack and hold on bolts of fastening of a wheel in a diagonal order with the required effort. Establish into place a cap. Put and remove the tool. Do not forget to take and put away antiretractable boots.

When fixing the car in the lifted provision of a head of props/paw of the elevator it is necessary to get in a few outside (on a car axis) domkratny points of thresholds.

Points of placement of paws of the elevator

Towage of the emergency vehicle

At absence in RKPP or AT of transmission oil / ATF the car has to be towed only with the driving wheels which are torn off from the earth!

Strictly speaking, the car should be towed with the forward wheels which are torn off from the earth (best of all in general on a tow truck platform). If it is necessary to make towage of the car without separation of forward wheels, turn the ignition key in position of OFF, in order to avoid damage of the lock of blocking of a wheel.

The cars equipped with AT can be towed by the forward course on all four wheels with a speed which is not exceeding 80 km/h and on distance no more than 100 km. Before towage check the level of transmission liquid (see the Head Nastroyki and routine maintenance of the car). Make the following preparatory procedures:


  1. Release the parking brake;
  2. Start the engine;
  3. Transfer the selector lever to situation D, then - to neutral (N);
  4. Kill the engine;
  5. Turn the ignition key in position of OFF (do not leave it in position of LOCK at all).

Never tow the car equipped with AT the back without separation from the earth of forward wheels!

If there is a need for towage of the car equipped with RKPP without separation of wheels from the earth do not forget to transfer a control lever to neutral transfer and to release the parking brake.

Use at towage of the emergency vehicle the towing sling which is only specially intended for this purpose which can be got cheap practically in any shop of automobile accessories. The sling has to cling only to the bearing body elements, - at all not to a bumper. The cars considered in the present manual are equipped back and forward with towing eyes.
Towing eye in front of the car
Towing eye behind the car - the Hatchback models
Towing eye behind the car - the Combo models

For installation of a removable forward eye it is necessary to remove previously the cap established on a bumper, or to cast away a cover (depending on body type). Take the removable eye which is stored in a niche under the spare wheel from a cover and screw its carving part in a nest against the stop.

Do not forget to turn a key in the lock of ignition of the towed car in position of ON, otherwise the lock of a steering column will inevitably work. Besides, at the included ignition also indexes of turns and stoplights are activated.

Remember that at the switched-off engine efficiency of braking of the car considerably decreases because the vacuum amplifier of brakes ceases to function. At the same time it is necessary to squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake with a little big, than usually by effort. On the models equipped with the power steering when performing maneuvering the bigger effort should be put to a steering wheel.

At start-off from the place and gear shifting the driver of the towing vehicle has to pay special attention to smoothness of an otpuskaniye of coupling. The driver of the towed vehicle has to try to hold constantly a towing sling tense in order to avoid breakthroughs and arrivals on a sling by wheels, - ideally it is necessary to use a sling of an elastic design, and it is better - a rigid bar.

Before a start of motion drivers of both vehicles (towing and towed) should coordinate among themselves a route.

The movement has to be carried out only with moderate speeds, along the shortest route and observance of traffic regulations. Avoid sharp braking, accelerations and maneuvering. Remember that at towage of the car on a roadside or the narrow dirt road there is always a danger of demolition out of borders of the carriageway.

On both cars external lighting fixtures according to traffic regulations have to be switched on.